NPV function

Calculates the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate.

Sample Usage

NPV(0.08,200,250,300)

NPV(A2,A3,A4,A5)

Syntax

NPV(discount, cashflow1, [cashflow2, ...])

  • discount - The discount rate of the investment over one period.

  • cashflow1 - The first future cash flow.

  • cashflow2, ... - [ OPTIONAL ] - Additional future cash flows.

Notes

  • NPV is similar to PV except that NPV allows variable-value cash flows.

  • Each cashflow argument should be positive if it represents income from the perspective of the owner of the investment (e.g. coupons) or negative if it represents payments (e.g. loan repayment).

  • Each cashflow argument may be either a value, a reference to a value, or a range containing values. Cashflows are considered in the order they are referenced.

  • IRR under the same conditions calculates the internal rate of return for which the net present value is zero.

  • If the cash flows of an investment are irregularly spaced, use XNPV instead.

See Also

XNPV: Calculates the net present value of an investment based on a specified series of potentially irregularly spaced cash flows and a discount rate.

XIRR: Calculates the internal rate of return of an investment based on a specified series of potentially irregularly spaced cash flows.

PV: Calculates the present value of an annuity investment based on constant-amount periodic payments and a constant interest rate.

MIRR: Calculates the modified internal rate of return on an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and the difference between the interest rate paid on financing versus the return received on reinvested income.

IRR: Calculates the internal rate of return on an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows.

Examples

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