# STDEV

The STDEV function calculates the standard deviation based on a sample.

### Sample Usage

`STDEV(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)`

`STDEV(A2:A100)`

### Syntax

`STDEV(value1, [value2, ...])`

• `value1` - The first value or range of the sample.

• `value2, ...` - [ OPTIONAL ] - Additional values or ranges to include in the sample.

### Notes

• Although `STDEV` is specified as taking a maximum of 30 arguments, Google Sheets supports an arbitrary number of arguments for this function.

• If the total number of values supplied as `value` arguments is not at least two, `STDEV` will return the `#DIV/0!` error.

• `STDEV` will return an error if any of the `value` arguments include text. If any of the `value` arguments reference a cell that contains text, those cells are ignored. To calculate standard deviation while interpreting text values as `0`, use `STDEVA`.

• `STDEV` calculates standard deviation for a sample. To calculate standard deviation across an entire population, use `STDEVP`.

• `STDEV` is equivalent to the square root of the variance, or `SQRT(VAR(...))` using the same dataset.

`VARPA`: Calculates the variance based on an entire population, setting text to the value `0`.

`VARP`: Calculates the variance based on an entire population.

`VARA`: Calculates the variance based on a sample, setting text to the value `0`.

`VAR`: Calculates the variance based on a sample.

`STDEVPA`: Calculates the standard deviation based on an entire population, setting text to the value `0`.

`STDEVP`: Calculates the standard deviation based on an entire population.

`STDEVA`: Calculates the standard deviation based on a sample, setting text to the value `0`.

`SKEW`: Calculates the skewness of a dataset, which describes the symmetry of that dataset about the mean.

`KURT`: Calculates the kurtosis of a dataset, which describes the shape, and in particular the "peakedness" of that dataset.

`DVARP`: Returns the variance of an entire population selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

`DVAR`: Returns the variance of a population sample selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

`DSTDEVP`: Returns the standard deviation of an entire population selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

`DSTDEV`: Returns the standard deviation of a population sample selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

`DEVSQ`: Calculates the sum of squares of deviations based on a sample.

`AVEDEV`: Calculates the average of the magnitudes of deviations of data from a dataset's mean.